Android Guides | Samples

Android.App.Presentation Class

Base class for presentations.

See Also: Presentation

Syntax

[Android.Runtime.Register("android/app/Presentation", DoNotGenerateAcw=true)]
public class Presentation : Dialog

Remarks

Base class for presentations.

Choosing a presentation display

Using the media router to choose a presentation display

java Example

 MediaRouter mediaRouter = (MediaRouter) context.getSystemService(Context.MEDIA_ROUTER_SERVICE);
 MediaRouter.RouteInfo route = mediaRouter.getSelectedRoute();
 if (route != null) {
     Display presentationDisplay = route.getPresentationDisplay();
     if (presentationDisplay != null) {
         Presentation presentation = new MyPresentation(context, presentationDisplay);
         presentation.show();
     }
 }

java Example

/**
 * <h3>Presentation Activity</h3>
 *
 * <p>
 * This demonstrates how to create an activity that shows some content
 * on a secondary display using a {@link Presentation}.
 * </p><p>
 * The activity uses the {@link MediaRouter} API to automatically detect when
 * a presentation display is available and to allow the user to control the
 * media routes using a menu item.  When a presentation display is available,
 * we stop showing content in the main activity and instead open up a
 * {@link Presentation} on the preferred presentation display.  When a presentation
 * display is removed, we revert to showing content in the main activity.
 * We also write information about displays and display-related events to
 * the Android log which you can read using <code>adb logcat</code>.
 * </p><p>
 * You can try this out using an HDMI or Wifi display or by using the
 * "Simulate secondary displays" feature in Development Settings to create a few
 * simulated secondary displays.  Each display will appear in the list along with a
 * checkbox to show a presentation on that display.
 * </p><p>
 * See also the {@link PresentationActivity} sample which
 * uses the low-level display manager to enumerate displays and to show multiple
 * simultaneous presentations on different displays.
 * </p>
 */
public class PresentationWithMediaRouterActivity extends Activity {
    private final String TAG = "PresentationWithMediaRouterActivity";

    private MediaRouter mMediaRouter;
    private DemoPresentation mPresentation;
    private GLSurfaceView mSurfaceView;
    private TextView mInfoTextView;
    private boolean mPaused;

    /**
     * Initialization of the Activity after it is first created.  Must at least
     * call {@link android.app.Activity#setContentView setContentView()} to
     * describe what is to be displayed in the screen.
     */
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        // Be sure to call the super class.
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

        // Get the media router service.
        mMediaRouter = (MediaRouter)getSystemService(Context.MEDIA_ROUTER_SERVICE);

        // See assets/res/any/layout/presentation_with_media_router_activity.xml for this
        // view layout definition, which is being set here as
        // the content of our screen.
        setContentView(R.layout.presentation_with_media_router_activity);

        // Set up the surface view for visual interest.
        mSurfaceView = (GLSurfaceView)findViewById(R.id.surface_view);
        mSurfaceView.setRenderer(new CubeRenderer(false));

        // Get a text view where we will show information about what's happening.
        mInfoTextView = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.info);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onResume() {
        // Be sure to call the super class.
        super.onResume();

        // Listen for changes to media routes.
        mMediaRouter.addCallback(MediaRouter.ROUTE_TYPE_LIVE_VIDEO, mMediaRouterCallback);

        // Update the presentation based on the currently selected route.
        mPaused = false;
        updatePresentation();
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPause() {
        // Be sure to call the super class.
        super.onPause();

        // Stop listening for changes to media routes.
        mMediaRouter.removeCallback(mMediaRouterCallback);

        // Pause rendering.
        mPaused = true;
        updateContents();
    }

    @Override
    protected void onStop() {
        // Be sure to call the super class.
        super.onStop();

        // Dismiss the presentation when the activity is not visible.
        if (mPresentation != null) {
            Log.i(TAG, "Dismissing presentation because the activity is no longer visible.");
            mPresentation.dismiss();
            mPresentation = null;
        }
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
        // Be sure to call the super class.
        super.onCreateOptionsMenu(menu);

        // Inflate the menu and configure the media router action provider.
        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.presentation_with_media_router_menu, menu);

        MenuItem mediaRouteMenuItem = menu.findItem(R.id.menu_media_route);
        MediaRouteActionProvider mediaRouteActionProvider =
                (MediaRouteActionProvider)mediaRouteMenuItem.getActionProvider();
        mediaRouteActionProvider.setRouteTypes(MediaRouter.ROUTE_TYPE_LIVE_VIDEO);

        // Return true to show the menu.
        return true;
    }

    private void updatePresentation() {
        // Get the current route and its presentation display.
        MediaRouter.RouteInfo route = mMediaRouter.getSelectedRoute(
                MediaRouter.ROUTE_TYPE_LIVE_VIDEO);
        Display presentationDisplay = route != null ? route.getPresentationDisplay() : null;

        // Dismiss the current presentation if the display has changed.
        if (mPresentation != null && mPresentation.getDisplay() != presentationDisplay) {
            Log.i(TAG, "Dismissing presentation because the current route no longer "
                    + "has a presentation display.");
            mPresentation.dismiss();
            mPresentation = null;
        }

        // Show a new presentation if needed.
        if (mPresentation == null && presentationDisplay != null) {
            Log.i(TAG, "Showing presentation on display: " + presentationDisplay);
            mPresentation = new DemoPresentation(this, presentationDisplay);
            mPresentation.setOnDismissListener(mOnDismissListener);
            try {
                mPresentation.show();
            } catch (WindowManager.InvalidDisplayException ex) {
                Log.w(TAG, "Couldn't show presentation!  Display was removed in "
                        + "the meantime.", ex);
                mPresentation = null;
            }
        }

        // Update the contents playing in this activity.
        updateContents();
    }

    private void updateContents() {
        // Show either the content in the main activity or the content in the presentation
        // along with some descriptive text about what is happening.
        if (mPresentation != null) {
            mInfoTextView.setText(getResources().getString(
                    R.string.presentation_with_media_router_now_playing_remotely,
                    mPresentation.getDisplay().getName()));
            mSurfaceView.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
            mSurfaceView.onPause();
            if (mPaused) {
                mPresentation.getSurfaceView().onPause();
            } else {
                mPresentation.getSurfaceView().onResume();
            }
        } else {
            mInfoTextView.setText(getResources().getString(
                    R.string.presentation_with_media_router_now_playing_locally,
                    getWindowManager().getDefaultDisplay().getName()));
            mSurfaceView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
            if (mPaused) {
                mSurfaceView.onPause();
            } else {
                mSurfaceView.onResume();
            }
        }
    }

    private final MediaRouter.SimpleCallback mMediaRouterCallback =
            new MediaRouter.SimpleCallback() {
        @Override
        public void onRouteSelected(MediaRouter router, int type, RouteInfo info) {
            Log.d(TAG, "onRouteSelected: type=" + type + ", info=" + info);
            updatePresentation();
        }

        @Override
        public void onRouteUnselected(MediaRouter router, int type, RouteInfo info) {
            Log.d(TAG, "onRouteUnselected: type=" + type + ", info=" + info);
            updatePresentation();
        }

        @Override
        public void onRoutePresentationDisplayChanged(MediaRouter router, RouteInfo info) {
            Log.d(TAG, "onRoutePresentationDisplayChanged: info=" + info);
            updatePresentation();
        }
    };

    /**
     * Listens for when presentations are dismissed.
     */
    private final DialogInterface.OnDismissListener mOnDismissListener =
            new DialogInterface.OnDismissListener() {
        @Override
        public void onDismiss(DialogInterface dialog) {
            if (dialog == mPresentation) {
                Log.i(TAG, "Presentation was dismissed.");
                mPresentation = null;
                updateContents();
            }
        }
    };

    /**
     * The presentation to show on the secondary display.
     * <p>
     * Note that this display may have different metrics from the display on which
     * the main activity is showing so we must be careful to use the presentation's
     * own {@link Context} whenever we load resources.
     * </p>
     */
    private final static class DemoPresentation extends Presentation {
        private GLSurfaceView mSurfaceView;

        public DemoPresentation(Context context, Display display) {
            super(context, display);
        }

        @Override
        protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
            // Be sure to call the super class.
            super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

            // Get the resources for the context of the presentation.
            // Notice that we are getting the resources from the context of the presentation.
            Resources r = getContext().getResources();

            // Inflate the layout.
            setContentView(R.layout.presentation_with_media_router_content);

            // Set up the surface view for visual interest.
            mSurfaceView = (GLSurfaceView)findViewById(R.id.surface_view);
            mSurfaceView.setRenderer(new CubeRenderer(false));
        }

        public GLSurfaceView getSurfaceView() {
            return mSurfaceView;
        }
    }
}

Using the display manager to choose a presentation display

java Example

 DisplayManager displayManager = (DisplayManager) context.getSystemService(Context.DISPLAY_SERVICE);
 Display[] presentationDisplays = displayManager.getDisplays(DisplayManager.DISPLAY_CATEGORY_PRESENTATION);
 if (presentationDisplays.length > 0) {
     // If there is more than one suitable presentation display, then we could consider
     // giving the user a choice.  For this example, we simply choose the first display
     // which is the one the system recommends as the preferred presentation display.
     Display display = presentationDisplays[0];
     Presentation presentation = new MyPresentation(context, presentationDisplay);
     presentation.show();
 }

A presentation is a special kind of dialog whose purpose is to present content on a secondary display. A Presentation is associated with the target Display at creation time and configures its context and resource configuration according to the display's metrics.

Notably, the Context of a presentation is different from the context of its containing Activity. It is important to inflate the layout of a presentation and load other resources using the presentation's own context to ensure that assets of the correct size and density for the target display are loaded.

A presentation is automatically canceled (see Dialog.Cancel) when the display to which it is attached is removed. An activity should take care of pausing and resuming whatever content is playing within the presentation whenever the activity itself is paused or resumed.

Before showing a Presentation it's important to choose the Display on which it will appear. Choosing a presentation display is sometimes difficult because there may be multiple displays attached. Rather than trying to guess which display is best, an application should let the system choose a suitable presentation display.

There are two main ways to choose a Display.

The easiest way to choose a presentation display is to use the MediaRouter API. The media router service keeps track of which audio and video routes are available on the system. The media router sends notifications whenever routes are selected or unselected or when the preferred presentation display of a route changes. So an application can simply watch for these notifications and show or dismiss a presentation on the preferred presentation display automatically.

The preferred presentation display is the display that the media router recommends that the application should use if it wants to show content on the secondary display. Sometimes there may not be a preferred presentation display in which case the application should show its content locally without using a presentation.

Here's how to use the media router to create and show a presentation on the preferred presentation display using NoType:android/media/MediaRouter$RouteInfo;Href=../../../reference/android/media/MediaRouter.RouteInfo.html#getPresentationDisplay().

The following sample code from ApiDemos demonstrates how to use the media router to automatically switch between showing content in the main activity and showing the content in a presentation when a presentation display is available.

Another way to choose a presentation display is to use the DisplayManager API directly. The display manager service provides functions to enumerate and describe all displays that are attached to the system including displays that may be used for presentations.

The display manager keeps track of all displays in the system. However, not all displays are appropriate for showing presentations. For example, if an activity attempted to show a presentation on the main display it might obscure its own content (it's like opening a dialog on top of your activity).

Here's how to identify suitable displays for showing presentations using DisplayManager.GetDisplays(String) and the DisplayManager.DisplayCategoryPresentation category.

The following sample code from ApiDemos demonstrates how to use the display manager to enumerate displays and show content on multiple presentation displays simultaneously.

See Also

[Android Documentation]

Requirements

Namespace: Android.App
Assembly: Mono.Android (in Mono.Android.dll)
Assembly Versions: 0.0.0.0
Since: Added in API level 17

The members of Android.App.Presentation are listed below.

See Also: Dialog

Public Constructors

Creates a new presentation that is attached to the specified display using the default theme.
Creates a new presentation that is attached to the specified display using the optionally specified theme.

Protected Constructors

A constructor used when creating managed representations of JNI objects; called by the runtime.

Public Properties

[read-only]
DisplayDisplay. Gets the Display that this presentation appears on.
[read-only]
ResourcesResources. Gets the Resources that should be used to inflate the layout of this presentation.

Protected Properties

[read-only]
override
ThresholdClassIntPtr. This API supports the Mono for Android infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code.
[read-only]
override
ThresholdTypeType. This API supports the Mono for Android infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code.

Public Methods

OnDisplayChanged()
Called by the system when the properties of the Display to which the presentation is attached have changed.
OnDisplayRemoved()
Called by the system when the Display to which the presentation is attached has been removed.