Web Changes in iOS 11

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last updated: 2016-09

iOS 11 introduces a new version of the Safari web browser – Safari 11.0 – which includes changes to WebKit and SafariServices. This guide explores these changes.

SafariServices

SFSafariViewController was introduced in iOS 9 as an option for displaying web content or authenticating users from your app. More information on its features can be found in the Web Views guide.

iOS 11 has introduced style updates to the Safari View Controller, giving your users a more seamless experience between an app and the web. For example, the removal of the address bar now gives the Safari View Controller the feel of an in-app browser, rather than a mini-browser. You can also customize the color scheme to fit in with the color scheme of your app by setting the preferredBarTintColor and PreferredControlTintColor properties:

sfViewController.PreferredControlTintColor = UIColor.White;
sfViewController.PreferredBarTintColor = UIColor.Purple;

The following code snippet renders the bars in purple and white, as displayed in the following image:

SFSafariViewController bars rendered in purple and white

The Dismiss button presented in the Safari View Controller can also be changed by setting the DismissButtonStyle property to either Done, Close, or Cancel:

sfViewController.DismissButtonStyle = SFSafariViewControllerDismissButtonStyle.Close;

Dismiss button text changed

This value can be changed while SFSafariViewController is presented.

Depending on the content that is displayed inside a Safari View Controller, it might be necessary to ensure that the menu bars don't collapse as the user scrolls. This is enabled by setting the new BarCollapsedEnabled property to false:

var config = new SFSafariViewControllerConfiguration();
config.BarCollapsingEnabled = false;

var sfViewController = new SFSafariViewController(url, config);

Bar collapsing disabled

Apple has also made updates to privacy in the Safari View Controller in iOS 11. Now, browsing data such as cookies and local storage only exist on a per-app basis, rather than across all instances of Safari view controller. This keeps user browsing activity private within your app.

Additional features such as drag and drop support for URLs and support for window.open() have also been added to SFSafariViewController in iOS 11. You can find more information about these new features in Apple's SFSafariViewController documentation.

WebKit

WKWebView was introduced as part of WebKit in iOS 8 as a means of displaying web content to your user. It's much more customizable than SFSafariViewController, allowing you to create your own navigation and user interface.

Apple has introduced three main improvements for WKWebView with iOS 11:

  • The ability to manage cookies
  • Content filtering
  • Custom resource loading.

Cookie management is done through the new WKHttpCookieStore class, which allows you to add and delete cookies, to get all the cookies stored in a WKWebView, and to observe the cookie store for changes.

Content filtering allows you to manage the type of content that your user will see, allowing you to make sure it's secure, family friendly, and, if necessary, only available to a select group of users. This is implemented through the new WKContentRuleList class, by providing pairs of triggers and actions in JSON. More information on these triggers and actions can be found in Apple's Content Blocking Rules guide.

iOS 11 now allows you to customize WKWebView with custom resource loading for your web content. This is implemented through the IWKUrlSchemeHandler interface, which lets you handle URL Schemes that are not native to Web Kit. This interface has a start and stop method that must be implemented:

public class MyHandler : NSObject, IWKUrlSchemeHandler {

    [Export("webView:startURLSchemeTask:")]
    public void StartUrlSchemeTask(WKWebView webView, IWKUrlSchemeTask urlSchemeTask){

        // Implement a IWKUrlSchemeTask here
        var response = new NSUrlResponse(urlSchemeTask.Request.Url, "text/html", ContentLength, null);
        urlSchemeTask.DidReceiveResponse(response);
        urlSchemeTask.DidReceiveData(someData);
        urlSchemeTask.DidFinish();
    }

    [Export("webView:stopURLSchemeTask:")]
    public void StopUrlSchemeTask(WKWebView webView, IWKUrlSchemeTask urlSchemeTask){
        throw new NotImplementedException();
    }

}

Once the handler has been implemented, use it to set the SetUrlSchemeHandler property on the WKWebViewConfiguration. Then, load the URL of something that uses the custom scheme:

var config = new WKWebViewConfiguration();
config.SetUrlSchemeHandler(new MyHandler(), "xamarin-asset");

webView = new WKWebView (View.Frame, config);
webView.LoadRequest (new NSUrlRequest("xamarin-asset://xamarin.com"));

Xamarin Workbook

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